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We are announcing a public preview for Azure AD user creation support for Azure SQL Database and Azure Synapse Analytics on behalf of Azure AD Applications (service principals). See Azure Active Directory service principal with Azure SQL.

What support for Azure AD user creation on behalf of Azure AD Applications means?

Azure SQL Database, Azure Synapse Analytics (formerly SQL Data Warehouse), and SQL Managed Instance support the following Azure AD objects: 

  1. Azure AD users (managed, federated and guest) 
  2. Azure AD groups (managed and federated) 
  3. Azure AD applications  

For more information on Azure AD applications, see Application and service principal objects in Azure Active Directory  and Create an Azure service principal with Azure PowerShell. 

Formerly, only SQL Managed Instance supported the creation of those Azure AD object types on behalf of an Azure AD Application (using service principal). Support for this in Azure SQL Database and Azure Synapse Analytics is now in public preview.

This functionality is useful for automated processes where Azure AD objects are created and maintained in Azure SQL Database without human interaction by Azure AD applications. Since service principals could be an Azure AD admin for SQL DB as part of a group or an individual user, automated Azure AD object creation in SQL DB can be executed. This allows for a full automation of a database user creation. This functionality is also supported for system-assigned managed identity and user-assigned managed identity (see the article, What are managed identities for Azure resources?).

 

Prerequisites

To enable this feature, the following steps are required:

1)   Assign a server identity during SQL logical server creation or after the server is created.

      See the PowerShell example below:

  • To create a server identity during the Azure SQL logical server creation, execute the following command:  

         New-AzureRmSqlServer -ResourceGroupName <resource group>
         -Location <Location name> -ServerName <Server name>
         -ServerVersion “12.0” -SqlAdministratorCredentials (Get-Credential)
         -AssignIdentity 
 
         (See the  New-AzureRmSqlServer command for more details)  

 

  • For existing Azure SQL logical servers, execute the following command:

         Set-AzSqlServer -ResourceGroupName <resource group>
         -ServerName <Server name>
 -AssignIdentity     
         (See the  Set-AzSqlServer command for more details)  
         To check if a server identity is assigned to the Azure SQL logical 
         server, execute 
the following  command:
         Get-AzSqlServer -ResourceGroupName <resource group> 
         – ServerName <Server name>
 
         (See the Get-AzSqlServer command for more details)

 

2)   Grant the Azure AD “Directory Readers” permission to the server identity
      created above
 
     (For more information, see Provision Azure AD admin (SQL Managed Instance) 

 

How to use it

Once steps 1 and 2 are completed, an Azure AD application with the right permissions can create an Azure AD object (user/group or service principal) in Azure SQL DB. For more information, see the step-by-step tutorial doc ( see Tutorial: Create Azure AD users using Azure AD applications ).

 

Example

Using SMI (System-assigned Managed Identity) set up as an Azure AD admin for SQL DB,
create an Azure AD application as a SQL DB user.

 

Preparation

Enable steps 1 and 2 indicated above for the Azure SQL logical server

  • In the example below, the server name is ‘testaadsql’
  • The user database created under this serve is ‘testdb
  • Copy the display name of the application
  • In the example below the app name is ‘myapp
  • Using the Azure portal, assign your SMI (display name) as an Azure AD admin for the Azure SQL logical server  (see the screenshot below).

Capture.AAD.Admin.PNG

 

 

  • Create Azure AD application user in SQL DB on behalf of the MSI
  • To check that the user ‘myapp’ was created in the database ‘testdb’ you can execute the T-SQL command select * from sys.database_principals.

PowerShell Script

# PS script creating a SQL user myapp from an Azure AD application on behalf of SMI “mytestvm”
#  that is also set as Azure AD admin for SQ DB
# Execute this script from the Azure VM with SMI name ‘mytestvm’   
# Azure AD application – display name  ‘myapp’
# This is the user name that is created in SQL DB ‘testdb’ in the server  ‘testaadsql’

# Metadata service endpoint for SMI, accessible only from within the VM:

$response = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri ‘http://169.254.169.254/metadata/identity/oauth2/token?api-version=2018-02-01&resource=https%3A%2F%2Fdatabase.windows.net%2F‘ -Method GET -Headers @{Metadata=”true”}

$content = $response.Content | ConvertFrom-Json
$AccessToken = $content.access_token

# Specify server name and database name
# For the server name, the server identity must be assigned and “Directory Readers”
# permission granted to the identity

$SQLServerName = “testaadsql”
$DatabaseName = ‘testdb’

$conn = New-Object System.Data.SqlClient.SQLConnection
$conn.ConnectionString = “Data Source=$SQLServerName.database.windows.net;Initial Catalog=$DatabaseName;Connect Timeout=30”
$conn.AccessToken = $AccessToken

$conn.Open()

# Create SQL DB user [myapp] in the ‘testdb’ database
$ddlstmt = ‘CREATE USER [myapp] FROM EXTERNAL PROVIDER;’

$command = New-Object -TypeName System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand($ddlstmt, $conn)      
Write-host ” “
Write-host “SQL DDL command was executed”
$ddlstmt
Write-host “results”
$command.ExecuteNonQuery()
$conn.Close() 

 

For feedback/questions on this preview feature, please reach out to the SQL AAD team at SQLAADFeedback@Microsoft.com  

 

 

 

Brought to you by Dr. Ware, Microsoft Office 365 Silver Partner, Charleston SC.

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